Who Invented Golf? – HISTORY

On March 6, 1457, King James II, who was the King of Scots from 1437 until his death in 1460, in an Act of Parliament banned citizens from playing football and golf. Scotsmen had allegedly been playing these games in the streets and churchyards, instead of practicing archery skills for their mandatory military training.

“No part of the country should football, golf, or other such pointless sports be practiced but, for the common good and for the defense of the country,” stated the ban.

This ban is the first written mention of a game called golf. But what was this game? “There is both text and visual evidence that there was a game that we would call golf,” says Rand Jerris, a prominent golf historian and the former Director of The USGA Golf Museum and Library. “One was played over large pieces of property striking balls out in the open. The other was actually a game that was played through the streets of a village or a town where they were hitting a ball into a churchyard or down a street. So historians have differentiated between what they call short golf and long golf that was played in Scotland in the 1500s. “


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